Drivers could face fines of £130 for minor offences as the Government considers handing local councils new powers to improve roads for cyclists and pedestrians.
Motorists straying into cycle lanes or stopped in box junctions could face automatic civil penalties currently enforced by the police.
The money generated from the fines will reportedly be used to fund traffic-reducing measures.
Junior Transport Minister Baroness Vere revealed that the Government are looking into giving councils enforcement powers under the 2004 Traffic Management Act.
Cycling campaigners and council chiefs believe tougher enforcement of traffic laws is needed as commuters shun trains and buses for more hygienic modes of transport.
Local councils in London already use cameras to issue more than a million £130 penalty notices every year.
Lib Dem peer Lord Bradshaw asked Ministers if they planned to extend powers in the Transport Management Act 2004 (section 6) to authorities outside London, to better enforce moving traffic offences and protect cyclists and pedestrians.
Baroness Vere replied: “We are giving thought to the role these powers could play in helping councils to deliver their transport recovery plans.”
Section 6 of the Traffic Act covers violations including waiting in box junctions, driving in cycle lanes and driving in the wrong direction on one-way streets.